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nojobs.c

/* The thing that makes children, remembers them, and contains wait loops. */

/* This file works under BSD, System V, minix, and Posix systems.  It does
   not implement job control. */

/* Copyright (C) 1987, 1989, 1992 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This file is part of GNU Bash, the Bourne Again SHell.

   Bash is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
   the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
   Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
   version.

   Bash is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
   WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
   FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
   for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with Bash; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111 USA. */

#include "config.h"

#include "bashtypes.h"
#include "filecntl.h"

#if defined (HAVE_UNISTD_H)
#  include <unistd.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>

#if defined (BUFFERED_INPUT)
#  include "input.h"
#endif

/* Need to include this up here for *_TTY_DRIVER definitions. */
#include "shtty.h"

#if !defined (STRUCT_WINSIZE_IN_SYS_IOCTL)
/* For struct winsize on SCO */
/*   sys/ptem.h has winsize but needs mblk_t from sys/stream.h */
#  if defined (HAVE_SYS_PTEM_H) && defined (TIOCGWINSZ) && defined (SIGWINCH)
#    if defined (HAVE_SYS_STREAM_H)
#      include <sys/stream.h>
#    endif
#    include <sys/ptem.h>
#  endif /* HAVE_SYS_PTEM_H && TIOCGWINSZ && SIGWINCH */
#endif /* !STRUCT_WINSIZE_IN_SYS_IOCTL */

#include "shell.h"
#include "jobs.h"

#include "builtins/builtext.h"      /* for wait_builtin */

#define DEFAULT_CHILD_MAX 32

#if defined (_POSIX_VERSION) || !defined (HAVE_KILLPG)
#  define killpg(pg, sig)           kill(-(pg),(sig))
#endif /* USG || _POSIX_VERSION */

#if !defined (HAVE_SIGINTERRUPT)
#  define siginterrupt(sig, code)
#endif /* !HAVE_SIGINTERRUPT */

#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
#  define WAITPID(pid, statusp, options) waitpid (pid, statusp, options)
#else
#  define WAITPID(pid, statusp, options) wait (statusp)
#endif /* !HAVE_WAITPID */

/* Return the fd from which we are actually getting input. */
#define input_tty() (shell_tty != -1) ? shell_tty : fileno (stderr)

#if !defined (errno)
extern int errno;
#endif /* !errno */

#if defined (READLINE)
extern void rl_set_screen_size __P((int, int));
#endif

extern int interactive, interactive_shell, login_shell;
extern int subshell_environment;
extern int last_command_exit_value;
extern int interrupt_immediately;
extern sh_builtin_func_t *this_shell_builtin;
#if defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
extern sigset_t top_level_mask;
#endif
extern procenv_t wait_intr_buf;
extern int wait_signal_received;

pid_t last_made_pid = NO_PID;
pid_t last_asynchronous_pid = NO_PID;

/* Call this when you start making children. */
int already_making_children = 0;

/* The controlling tty for this shell. */
int shell_tty = -1;

/* If this is non-zero, $LINES and $COLUMNS are reset after every process
   exits from get_tty_state(). */
int check_window_size;

/* STATUS and FLAGS are only valid if pid != NO_PID
   STATUS is only valid if (flags & PROC_RUNNING) == 0 */
struct proc_status {
  pid_t pid;
  int status;     /* Exit status of PID or 128 + fatal signal number */
  int flags;
};

/* Values for proc_status.flags */
#define PROC_RUNNING    0x01
#define PROC_NOTIFIED   0x02
#define PROC_ASYNC      0x04

/* Return values from find_status_by_pid */
#define PROC_BAD   -1
#define PROC_STILL_ALIVE -2

static struct proc_status *pid_list = (struct proc_status *)NULL;
static int pid_list_size;
static int wait_sigint_received;

static long child_max = -1L;

static void alloc_pid_list __P((void));
static int find_proc_slot __P((void));
static int find_index_by_pid __P((pid_t));
static int find_status_by_pid __P((pid_t));
static int process_exit_status __P((WAIT));
static void set_pid_status __P((pid_t, WAIT));
static void set_pid_flags __P((pid_t, int));
static void unset_pid_flags __P((pid_t, int));
static void add_pid __P((pid_t, int));
static void mark_dead_jobs_as_notified __P((int));

static void get_new_window_size __P((int));
static sighandler sigwinch_sighandler __P((int));
static sighandler wait_sigint_handler __P((int));

#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
static void reap_zombie_children __P((void));
#endif

static void restore_sigint_handler __P((void));

/* Allocate new, or grow existing PID_LIST. */
static void
alloc_pid_list ()
{
  register int i;
  int old = pid_list_size;

  pid_list_size += 10;
  pid_list = (struct proc_status *)xrealloc (pid_list, pid_list_size * sizeof (struct proc_status));

  /* None of the newly allocated slots have process id's yet. */
  for (i = old; i < pid_list_size; i++)
    pid_list[i].pid = NO_PID;
}

/* Return the offset within the PID_LIST array of an empty slot.  This can
   create new slots if all of the existing slots are taken. */
static int
find_proc_slot ()
{
  register int i;

  for (i = 0; i < pid_list_size; i++)
    if (pid_list[i].pid == NO_PID)
      return (i);

  if (i == pid_list_size)
    alloc_pid_list ();

  return (i);
}

/* Return the offset within the PID_LIST array of a slot containing PID,
   or the value NO_PID if the pid wasn't found. */
static int
find_index_by_pid (pid)
     pid_t pid;
{
  register int i;

  for (i = 0; i < pid_list_size; i++)
    if (pid_list[i].pid == pid)
      return (i);

  return (NO_PID);
}

/* Return the status of PID as looked up in the PID_LIST array.  A
   return value of PROC_BAD indicates that PID wasn't found. */
static int
find_status_by_pid (pid)
     pid_t pid;
{
  int i;

  i = find_index_by_pid (pid);
  if (i == NO_PID)
    return (PROC_BAD);
  if (pid_list[i].flags & PROC_RUNNING)
    return (PROC_STILL_ALIVE);
  return (pid_list[i].status);
}

static int
process_exit_status (status)
     WAIT status;
{
  if (WIFSIGNALED (status))
    return (128 + WTERMSIG (status));
  else
    return (WEXITSTATUS (status));
}

/* Give PID the status value STATUS in the PID_LIST array. */
static void
set_pid_status (pid, status)
     pid_t pid;
     WAIT status;
{
  int slot;

  slot = find_index_by_pid (pid);
  if (slot == NO_PID)
    return;

  pid_list[slot].status = process_exit_status (status);
  pid_list[slot].flags &= ~PROC_RUNNING;
  /* If it's not a background process, mark it as notified so it gets
     cleaned up. */
  if ((pid_list[slot].flags & PROC_ASYNC) == 0)
    pid_list[slot].flags |= PROC_NOTIFIED;
}

/* Give PID the flags FLAGS in the PID_LIST array. */
static void
set_pid_flags (pid, flags)
     pid_t pid;
     int flags;
{
  int slot;

  slot = find_index_by_pid (pid);
  if (slot == NO_PID)
    return;

  pid_list[slot].flags |= flags;
}

/* Unset FLAGS for PID in the pid list */
static void
unset_pid_flags (pid, flags)
     pid_t pid;
     int flags;
{
  int slot;

  slot = find_index_by_pid (pid);
  if (slot == NO_PID)
    return;

  pid_list[slot].flags &= ~flags;
}

static void
add_pid (pid, async)
     pid_t pid;
     int async;
{
  int slot;

  slot = find_proc_slot ();

  pid_list[slot].pid = pid;
  pid_list[slot].status = -1;
  pid_list[slot].flags = PROC_RUNNING;
  if (async)
    pid_list[slot].flags |= PROC_ASYNC;
}

static void
mark_dead_jobs_as_notified (force)
     int force;
{
  register int i, ndead;

  /* first, count the number of non-running async jobs if FORCE == 0 */
  for (i = ndead = 0; force == 0 && i < pid_list_size; i++)
    {
      if (pid_list[i].pid == NO_PID)
      continue;
      if (((pid_list[i].flags & PROC_RUNNING) == 0) &&
         (pid_list[i].flags & PROC_ASYNC))
      ndead++;
    }

  if (child_max < 0)
    child_max = getmaxchild ();
  if (child_max < 0)
    child_max = DEFAULT_CHILD_MAX;

  if (force == 0 && ndead <= child_max)
    return;

  /* If FORCE == 0, we just mark as many non-running async jobs as notified
     to bring us under the CHILD_MAX limit. */
  for (i = 0; i < pid_list_size; i++)
    {
      if (pid_list[i].pid == NO_PID)
      continue;
      if (((pid_list[i].flags & PROC_RUNNING) == 0) &&
         pid_list[i].pid != last_asynchronous_pid)
      {
        pid_list[i].flags |= PROC_NOTIFIED;
        if (force == 0 && (pid_list[i].flags & PROC_ASYNC) && --ndead <= child_max)
          break;
      }
    }
}

/* Remove all dead, notified jobs from the pid_list. */
int
cleanup_dead_jobs ()
{
  register int i;

#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
  reap_zombie_children ();
#endif

  for (i = 0; i < pid_list_size; i++)
    {
      if ((pid_list[i].flags & PROC_RUNNING) == 0 &&
        (pid_list[i].flags & PROC_NOTIFIED))
      pid_list[i].pid = NO_PID;
    }

  return 0;
}

void
reap_dead_jobs ()
{
  mark_dead_jobs_as_notified (0);
  cleanup_dead_jobs ();
}

/* Initialize the job control mechanism, and set up the tty stuff. */
initialize_job_control (force)
     int force;
{
  shell_tty = fileno (stderr);

  if (interactive)
    get_tty_state ();
}

#if defined (TIOCGWINSZ) && defined (SIGWINCH)
static SigHandler *old_winch = (SigHandler *)SIG_DFL;

static void
get_new_window_size (from_sig)
     int from_sig;
{
  struct winsize win;
  int tty;

  tty = input_tty ();
  if (tty >= 0 && (ioctl (tty, TIOCGWINSZ, &win) == 0) &&
      win.ws_row > 0 && win.ws_col > 0)
    {
#if defined (aixpc)
      shell_tty_info.c_winsize = win;     /* structure copying */
#endif
      sh_set_lines_and_columns (win.ws_row, win.ws_col);
#if defined (READLINE)
      rl_set_screen_size (win.ws_row, win.ws_col);
#endif
    }
}

static sighandler
sigwinch_sighandler (sig)
     int sig;
{
#if defined (MUST_REINSTALL_SIGHANDLERS)
  set_signal_handler (SIGWINCH, sigwinch_sighandler);
#endif /* MUST_REINSTALL_SIGHANDLERS */
  get_new_window_size (1);
}
#else
static void
get_new_window_size (from_sig)
     int from_sig;
{
}
#endif /* TIOCGWINSZ && SIGWINCH */

void
set_sigwinch_handler ()
{
#if defined (TIOCGWINSZ) && defined (SIGWINCH)
  old_winch = set_signal_handler (SIGWINCH, sigwinch_sighandler);
#endif
}

void
unset_sigwinch_handler ()
{
#if defined (TIOCGWINSZ) && defined (SIGWINCH)
  set_signal_handler (SIGWINCH, old_winch);
#endif
}

/* Setup this shell to handle C-C, etc. */
void
initialize_job_signals ()
{
  set_signal_handler (SIGINT, sigint_sighandler);
  set_sigwinch_handler ();

  /* If this is a login shell we don't wish to be disturbed by
     stop signals. */
  if (login_shell)
    ignore_tty_job_signals ();
}

#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
/* Collect the status of all zombie children so that their system
   resources can be deallocated. */
static void
reap_zombie_children ()
{
#if defined (WNOHANG)
  pid_t pid;
  WAIT status;

  while ((pid = waitpid (-1, (int *)&status, WNOHANG)) > 0)
    set_pid_status (pid, status);
#endif
}
#endif /* WAITPID && WNOHANG */

/* Fork, handling errors.  Returns the pid of the newly made child, or 0.
   COMMAND is just for remembering the name of the command; we don't do
   anything else with it.  ASYNC_P says what to do with the tty.  If
   non-zero, then don't give it away. */
pid_t
make_child (command, async_p)
     char *command;
     int async_p;
{
  pid_t pid;
#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
  int retry = 1;
#endif /* HAVE_WAITPID */

  /* Discard saved memory. */
  if (command)
    free (command);

  start_pipeline ();

#if defined (BUFFERED_INPUT)
  /* If default_buffered_input is active, we are reading a script.  If
     the command is asynchronous, we have already duplicated /dev/null
     as fd 0, but have not changed the buffered stream corresponding to
     the old fd 0.  We don't want to sync the stream in this case. */
  if (default_buffered_input != -1 && (!async_p || default_buffered_input > 0))
    sync_buffered_stream (default_buffered_input);
#endif /* BUFFERED_INPUT */

  /* Create the child, handle severe errors. */
#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
  retry_fork:
#endif /* HAVE_WAITPID */

  if ((pid = fork ()) < 0)
    {
#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
      /* Posix systems with a non-blocking waitpid () system call available
       get another chance after zombies are reaped. */
      if (errno == EAGAIN && retry)
      {
        reap_zombie_children ();
        retry = 0;
        goto retry_fork;
      }
#endif /* HAVE_WAITPID */

      sys_error ("fork");

      throw_to_top_level ();
    }

  if (pid == 0)
    {
#if defined (BUFFERED_INPUT)
      unset_bash_input (0);
#endif /* BUFFERED_INPUT */

#if defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
      /* Restore top-level signal mask. */
      sigprocmask (SIG_SETMASK, &top_level_mask, (sigset_t *)NULL);
#endif

      /* Ignore INT and QUIT in asynchronous children. */
      if (async_p)
      last_asynchronous_pid = getpid ();

      default_tty_job_signals ();
    }
  else
    {
      /* In the parent. */

      last_made_pid = pid;

      if (async_p)
      last_asynchronous_pid = pid;

      add_pid (pid, async_p);
    }
  return (pid);
}

void
ignore_tty_job_signals ()
{
#if defined (SIGTSTP)
  set_signal_handler (SIGTSTP, SIG_IGN);
  set_signal_handler (SIGTTIN, SIG_IGN);
  set_signal_handler (SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
#endif
}

void
default_tty_job_signals ()
{
#if defined (SIGTSTP)
  set_signal_handler (SIGTSTP, SIG_DFL);
  set_signal_handler (SIGTTIN, SIG_DFL);
  set_signal_handler (SIGTTOU, SIG_DFL);
#endif
}

/* Wait for a single pid (PID) and return its exit status.  Called by
   the wait builtin. */
int
wait_for_single_pid (pid)
     pid_t pid;
{
  pid_t got_pid;
  WAIT status;
  int pstatus;

  pstatus = find_status_by_pid (pid);

  if (pstatus == PROC_BAD)
    {
      internal_error ("wait: pid %ld is not a child of this shell", (long)pid);
      return (127);
    }

  if (pstatus != PROC_STILL_ALIVE)
    return (pstatus);

  siginterrupt (SIGINT, 1);
  while ((got_pid = WAITPID (pid, &status, 0)) != pid)
    {
      if (got_pid < 0)
      {
        if (errno != EINTR && errno != ECHILD)
          {
            siginterrupt (SIGINT, 0);
            sys_error ("wait");
          }
        break;
      }
      else if (got_pid > 0)
      set_pid_status (got_pid, status);
    }

  if (got_pid > 0)
    {
      set_pid_status (got_pid, status);
      set_pid_flags (got_pid, PROC_NOTIFIED);
    }

  siginterrupt (SIGINT, 0);
  QUIT;

  return (got_pid > 0 ? process_exit_status (status) : -1);
}

/* Wait for all of the shell's children to exit.  Called by the `wait'
   builtin. */
void
wait_for_background_pids ()
{
  pid_t got_pid;
  WAIT status;

  /* If we aren't using job control, we let the kernel take care of the
     bookkeeping for us.  wait () will return -1 and set errno to ECHILD
     when there are no more unwaited-for child processes on both
     4.2 BSD-based and System V-based systems. */

  siginterrupt (SIGINT, 1);

  /* Wait for ECHILD */
  while ((got_pid = WAITPID (-1, &status, 0)) != -1)
    set_pid_status (got_pid, status);

  if (errno != EINTR && errno != ECHILD)
    {
      siginterrupt (SIGINT, 0);
      sys_error("wait");
    }

  siginterrupt (SIGINT, 0);
  QUIT;

  mark_dead_jobs_as_notified (1);
  cleanup_dead_jobs ();
}

/* Make OLD_SIGINT_HANDLER the SIGINT signal handler. */
#define INVALID_SIGNAL_HANDLER (SigHandler *)wait_for_background_pids
static SigHandler *old_sigint_handler = INVALID_SIGNAL_HANDLER;

static void
restore_sigint_handler ()
{
  if (old_sigint_handler != INVALID_SIGNAL_HANDLER)
    {
      set_signal_handler (SIGINT, old_sigint_handler);
      old_sigint_handler = INVALID_SIGNAL_HANDLER;
    }
}

/* Handle SIGINT while we are waiting for children in a script to exit.
   All interrupts are effectively ignored by the shell, but allowed to
   kill a running job. */
static sighandler
wait_sigint_handler (sig)
     int sig;
{
  SigHandler *sigint_handler;

  /* If we got a SIGINT while in `wait', and SIGINT is trapped, do
     what POSIX.2 says (see builtins/wait.def for more info). */
  if (this_shell_builtin && this_shell_builtin == wait_builtin &&
      signal_is_trapped (SIGINT) &&
      ((sigint_handler = trap_to_sighandler (SIGINT)) == trap_handler))
    {
      last_command_exit_value = EXECUTION_FAILURE;
      restore_sigint_handler ();
      interrupt_immediately = 0;
      trap_handler (SIGINT);  /* set pending_traps[SIGINT] */
      wait_signal_received = SIGINT;
      longjmp (wait_intr_buf, 1);
    }

  if (interrupt_immediately)
    {
      last_command_exit_value = EXECUTION_FAILURE;
      restore_sigint_handler ();
      ADDINTERRUPT;
      QUIT;
    }

  wait_sigint_received = 1;

  SIGRETURN (0);
}

/* Wait for pid (one of our children) to terminate.  This is called only
   by the execution code in execute_cmd.c. */
int
wait_for (pid)
     pid_t pid;
{
  int return_val, pstatus;
  pid_t got_pid;
  WAIT status;

  pstatus = find_status_by_pid (pid);

  if (pstatus == PROC_BAD)
    return (0);

  if (pstatus != PROC_STILL_ALIVE)
    return (pstatus);

  /* If we are running a script, ignore SIGINT while we're waiting for
     a child to exit.  The loop below does some of this, but not all. */
  wait_sigint_received = 0;
  if (interactive_shell == 0)
    old_sigint_handler = set_signal_handler (SIGINT, wait_sigint_handler);

  while ((got_pid = WAITPID (-1, &status, 0)) != pid) /* XXX was pid now -1 */
    {
      if (got_pid < 0 && errno == ECHILD)
      {
#if !defined (_POSIX_VERSION)
        status.w_termsig = status.w_retcode = 0;
#else
        status = 0;
#endif /* _POSIX_VERSION */
        break;
      }
      else if (got_pid < 0 && errno != EINTR)
      programming_error ("wait_for(%ld): %s", (long)pid, strerror(errno));
      else if (got_pid > 0)
      set_pid_status (got_pid, status);
    }

  if (got_pid > 0)
    set_pid_status (got_pid, status);

#if defined (HAVE_WAITPID)
  if (got_pid >= 0)
    reap_zombie_children ();
#endif /* HAVE_WAITPID */

  if (interactive_shell == 0)
    {
      SigHandler *temp_handler;

      temp_handler = old_sigint_handler;
      restore_sigint_handler ();

      /* If the job exited because of SIGINT, make sure the shell acts as if
       it had received one also. */
      if (WIFSIGNALED (status) && (WTERMSIG (status) == SIGINT))
      {

        if (maybe_call_trap_handler (SIGINT) == 0)
          {
            if (temp_handler == SIG_DFL)
            termination_unwind_protect (SIGINT);
            else if (temp_handler != INVALID_SIGNAL_HANDLER && temp_handler != SIG_IGN)
            (*temp_handler) (SIGINT);
          }
      }
    }

  /* Default return value. */
  /* ``a full 8 bits of status is returned'' */
  return_val = process_exit_status (status);

#if !defined (DONT_REPORT_SIGPIPE)
  if ((WIFSTOPPED (status) == 0) && WIFSIGNALED (status) &&
      (WTERMSIG (status) != SIGINT))
#else
  if ((WIFSTOPPED (status) == 0) && WIFSIGNALED (status) &&
      (WTERMSIG (status) != SIGINT) && (WTERMSIG (status) != SIGPIPE))
#endif
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "%s", strsignal (WTERMSIG (status)));
      if (WIFCORED (status))
      fprintf (stderr, " (core dumped)");
      fprintf (stderr, "\n");
    }

  if (interactive_shell && subshell_environment == 0)
    {
      if (WIFSIGNALED (status) || WIFSTOPPED (status))
      set_tty_state ();
      else
      get_tty_state ();
    }

  return (return_val);
}

/* Give PID SIGNAL.  This determines what job the pid belongs to (if any).
   If PID does belong to a job, and the job is stopped, then CONTinue the
   job after giving it SIGNAL.  Returns -1 on failure.  If GROUP is non-null,
   then kill the process group associated with PID. */
int
kill_pid (pid, signal, group)
     pid_t pid;
     int signal, group;
{
  int result;

  result = group ? killpg (pid, signal) : kill (pid, signal);
  return (result);
}

static TTYSTRUCT shell_tty_info;
static int got_tty_state;

/* Fill the contents of shell_tty_info with the current tty info. */
get_tty_state ()
{
  int tty;

  tty = input_tty ();
  if (tty != -1)
    {
      ttgetattr (tty, &shell_tty_info);
      got_tty_state = 1;
      if (check_window_size)
      get_new_window_size (0);
    }
}

/* Make the current tty use the state in shell_tty_info. */
int
set_tty_state ()
{
  int tty;

  tty = input_tty ();
  if (tty != -1)
    {
      if (got_tty_state == 0)
      return 0;
      ttsetattr (tty, &shell_tty_info);
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Give the terminal to PGRP.  */
give_terminal_to (pgrp, force)
     pid_t pgrp;
     int force;
{
}

/* Stop a pipeline. */
int
stop_pipeline (async, ignore)
     int async;
     COMMAND *ignore;
{
  already_making_children = 0;
  return 0;
}

void
start_pipeline ()
{
  already_making_children = 1;
}

void
stop_making_children ()
{
  already_making_children = 0;
}

int
get_job_by_pid (pid, block)
     pid_t pid;
     int block;
{
  int i;

  i = find_index_by_pid (pid);
  return ((i == NO_PID) ? PROC_BAD : i);
}

/* Print descriptive information about the job with leader pid PID. */
void
describe_pid (pid)
     pid_t pid;
{
  fprintf (stderr, "%ld\n", (long) pid);
}

void
unfreeze_jobs_list ()
{
}

int
count_all_jobs ()
{
  return 0;
}

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