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locale.c

/* locale.c - Miscellaneous internationalization functions. */

/* Copyright (C) 1996 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This file is part of GNU Bash, the Bourne Again SHell.

   Bash is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
   the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
   Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
   version.

   Bash is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
   WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
   FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
   for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with Bash; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111 USA. */

#include "config.h"

#include "bashtypes.h"

#if defined (HAVE_UNISTD_H)
#  include <unistd.h>
#endif

#include "bashintl.h"
#include "bashansi.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include "chartypes.h"

#include "shell.h"
#include "input.h"      /* For bash_input */

extern int dump_translatable_strings, dump_po_strings;

/* The current locale when the program begins */
static char *default_locale;

/* The current domain for textdomain(3). */
static char *default_domain;
static char *default_dir;

/* tracks the value of LC_ALL; used to override values for other locale
   categories */
static char *lc_all;

/* Set the value of default_locale and make the current locale the
   system default locale.  This should be called very early in main(). */
void
set_default_locale ()
{
#if defined (HAVE_SETLOCALE)
  default_locale = setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  if (default_locale)
    default_locale = savestring (default_locale);
#endif /* HAVE_SETLOCALE */
}

/* Set default values for LC_CTYPE, LC_COLLATE, and LC_MESSAGES if they
   are not specified in the environment, but LANG or LC_ALL is.  This
   should be called from main() after parsing the environment. */
void
set_default_locale_vars ()
{
  char *val;

#if defined (HAVE_SETLOCALE)
  val = get_string_value ("LC_CTYPE");
  if (val == 0 && lc_all && *lc_all)
    setlocale (LC_CTYPE, lc_all);

#  if defined (LC_COLLATE)
  val = get_string_value ("LC_COLLATE");
  if (val == 0 && lc_all && *lc_all)
    setlocale (LC_COLLATE, lc_all);
#  endif /* LC_COLLATE */

#  if defined (LC_MESSAGES)
  val = get_string_value ("LC_MESSAGES");
  if (val == 0 && lc_all && *lc_all)
    setlocale (LC_MESSAGES, lc_all);
#  endif /* LC_MESSAGES */

#  if defined (LC_NUMERIC)
  val = get_string_value ("LC_NUMERIC");
  if (val == 0 && lc_all && *lc_all)
    setlocale (LC_NUMERIC, lc_all);
#  endif /* LC_NUMERIC */

#endif /* HAVE_SETLOCALE */

  val = get_string_value ("TEXTDOMAIN");
  if (val && *val)
    {
      FREE (default_domain);
      default_domain = savestring (val);
      textdomain (default_domain);
    }

  val = get_string_value ("TEXTDOMAINDIR");
  if (val && *val)
    {
      FREE (default_dir);
      default_dir = savestring (val);
      bindtextdomain (default_domain, default_dir);
    }
}

/* Set one of the locale categories (specified by VAR) to VALUE.  Returns 1
  if successful, 0 otherwise. */
int
set_locale_var (var, value)
     char *var, *value;
{
  if (var[0] == 'T' && var[10] == 0)            /* TEXTDOMAIN */
    {
      FREE (default_domain);
      default_domain = value ? savestring (value) : (char *)NULL;
      textdomain (default_domain);
      return (1);
    }
  else if (var[0] == 'T')                 /* TEXTDOMAINDIR */
    {
      FREE (default_dir);
      default_dir = value ? savestring (value) : (char *)NULL;
      bindtextdomain (default_domain, default_dir);
      return (1);
    }

  /* var[0] == 'L' && var[1] == 'C' && var[2] == '_' */

  else if (var[3] == 'A')                 /* LC_ALL */
    {
      FREE (lc_all);
      if (value)
      lc_all = savestring (value);
      else if (default_locale)
      lc_all = savestring (default_locale);
      else
      {
        lc_all = (char *)xmalloc (1);
        lc_all[0] = '\0';
      }
#if defined (HAVE_SETLOCALE)
      return (setlocale (LC_ALL, lc_all) != 0);
#else
      return (1);
#endif
    }

#if defined (HAVE_SETLOCALE)
  else if (var[3] == 'C' && var[4] == 'T')      /* LC_CTYPE */
    {
      if (lc_all == 0 || *lc_all == '\0')
      return (setlocale (LC_CTYPE, value ? value : "") != 0);
    }
  else if (var[3] == 'C' && var[4] == 'O')      /* LC_COLLATE */
    {
#  if defined (LC_COLLATE)
      if (lc_all == 0 || *lc_all == '\0')
      return (setlocale (LC_COLLATE, value ? value : "") != 0);
#  endif /* LC_COLLATE */
    }
  else if (var[3] == 'M' && var[4] == 'E')      /* LC_MESSAGES */
    {
#  if defined (LC_MESSAGES)
      if (lc_all == 0 || *lc_all == '\0')
      return (setlocale (LC_MESSAGES, value ? value : "") != 0);
#  endif /* LC_MESSAGES */
    }
  else if (var[3] == 'N' && var[4] == 'U')      /* LC_NUMERIC */
    {
#  if defined (LC_NUMERIC)
      if (lc_all == 0 || *lc_all == '\0')
      return (setlocale (LC_NUMERIC, value ? value : "") != 0);
#  endif /* LC_NUMERIC */
    }
#endif /* HAVE_SETLOCALE */

  return (0);
}

/* Called when LANG is assigned a value.  Sets LC_ALL category with
   setlocale(3) if that has not already been set.  Doesn't change any
   shell variables. */
int
set_lang (var, value)
     char *var, *value;
{
  return ((lc_all == 0 || *lc_all == 0) ? setlocale (LC_ALL, value?value:"") != NULL : 0);
}

/* Get the value of one of the locale variables (LC_MESSAGES, LC_CTYPE) */
char *
get_locale_var (var)
     char *var;
{
  char *locale;

  locale = lc_all;

  if (locale == 0)
    locale = get_string_value (var);
  if (locale == 0)
    locale = default_locale;

  return (locale);
}

/* Translate the contents of STRING, a $"..." quoted string, according
   to the current locale.  In the `C' or `POSIX' locale, or if gettext()
   is not available, the passed string is returned unchanged.  The
   length of the translated string is returned in LENP, if non-null. */
char *
localetrans (string, len, lenp)
     char *string;
     int len, *lenp;
{
  char *locale, *t;
#if defined (HAVE_GETTEXT)
  char *translated;
  int tlen;
#endif

  /* Don't try to translate null strings. */
  if (string == 0 || *string == 0)
    {
      if (lenp)
      *lenp = 0;
      return ((char *)NULL);
    }

  locale = get_locale_var ("LC_MESSAGES");

  /* If we don't have setlocale() or the current locale is `C' or `POSIX',
     just return the string.  If we don't have gettext(), there's no use
     doing anything else. */
#if defined (HAVE_GETTEXT)
  if (locale == 0 || locale[0] == '\0' ||
      (locale[0] == 'C' && locale[1] == '\0') || STREQ (locale, "POSIX"))
#endif
    {
      t = (char *)xmalloc (len + 1);
      strcpy (t, string);
      if (lenp)
      *lenp = len;
      return (t);
    }

#if defined (HAVE_GETTEXT)
  /* Now try to translate it. */
  translated = gettext (string);
  if (translated == string)   /* gettext returns its argument if untranslatable */
    {
      t = (char *)xmalloc (len + 1);
      strcpy (t, string);
      if (lenp)
      *lenp = len;
    }
  else
    {
      tlen = strlen (translated);
      t = (char *)xmalloc (tlen + 1);
      strcpy (t, translated);
      if (lenp)
      *lenp = tlen;
    }
  return (t);
#endif /* HAVE_GETTEXT */
}

/* Change a bash string into a string suitable for inclusion in a `po' file.
   This backslash-escapes `"' and `\' and changes newlines into \\\n"\n". */
char *
mk_msgstr (string, foundnlp)
     char *string;
     int *foundnlp;
{
  register int c, len;
  char *result, *r, *s;

  for (len = 0, s = string; s && *s; s++)
    {
      len++;
      if (*s == '"' || *s == '\\')
      len++;
      else if (*s == '\n')
      len += 5;
    }
  
  r = result = (char *)xmalloc (len + 3);
  *r++ = '"';

  for (s = string; s && (c = *s); s++)
    {
      if (c == '\n')    /* <NL> -> \n"<NL>" */
      {
        *r++ = '\\';
        *r++ = 'n';
        *r++ = '"';
        *r++ = '\n';
        *r++ = '"';
        if (foundnlp)
          *foundnlp = 1;
        continue;
      }
      if (c == '"' || c == '\\')
      *r++ = '\\';
      *r++ = c;
    }

  *r++ = '"';
  *r++ = '\0';

  return result;
}

/* $"..." -- Translate the portion of STRING between START and END
   according to current locale using gettext (if available) and return
   the result.  The caller will take care of leaving the quotes intact.
   The string will be left without the leading `$' by the caller.
   If translation is performed, the translated string will be double-quoted
   by the caller.  The length of the translated string is returned in LENP,
   if non-null. */
char *
localeexpand (string, start, end, lineno, lenp)
     char *string;
     int start, end, lineno, *lenp;
{
  int len, tlen, foundnl;
  char *temp, *t, *t2;

  temp = (char *)xmalloc (end - start + 1);
  for (tlen = 0, len = start; len < end; )
    temp[tlen++] = string[len++];
  temp[tlen] = '\0';

  /* If we're just dumping translatable strings, don't do anything with the
     string itself, but if we're dumping in `po' file format, convert it into a form more palatable to gettext(3)
     and friends by quoting `"' and `\' with backslashes and converting <NL>
     into `\n"<NL>"'.  If we find a newline in TEMP, we first output a
     `msgid ""' line and then the translated string; otherwise we output the
     `msgid' and translated string all on one line. */
  if (dump_translatable_strings)
    {
      if (dump_po_strings)
      {
        foundnl = 0;
        t = mk_msgstr (temp, &foundnl);
        t2 = foundnl ? "\"\"\n" : "";

        printf ("#: %s:%d\nmsgid %s%s\nmsgstr \"\"\n",
                  yy_input_name (), lineno, t2, t);
        free (t);
      }
      else
      printf ("\"%s\"\n", temp);

      if (lenp)
      *lenp = tlen;
      return (temp);
    }
  else if (*temp)
    {
      t = localetrans (temp, tlen, &len);
      free (temp);
      if (lenp)
      *lenp = len;
      return (t);
    }
  else
    {
      if (lenp)
      *lenp = 0;
      return (temp);
    }
}

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